PMP Process Groups

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What is a “Process” of project management?

A process is a set of interrelated actions and activities performed to create a pre-specified product, service, or result. Each process is characterized by its inputs, the tools and techniques that can be applied, and the resulting outputs.

The PMBOK® Guide identifies 47 processes of project management that are instrumental to project success.


What is “Process Groups”?

Putting simply, Process Group is a group of processes clubbed together within a Knowledge Area.


1. Initiating Process Group.

Those processes performed to define a new project or a new phase of an existing project by obtaining authorization to start the project or phase.


2. Planning Process Group.

Those processes required to establish the scope of the project, refine the objectives, and define the course of action required to attain the objectives that the project was undertaken to achieve.


3. Executing Process Group.

Those processes performed to complete the work defined in the project management plan to satisfy the project specifications.


4. Monitoring and Controlling Process Group.

Those processes required to track, review, and regulate the progress and performance of the project; identify any areas in which changes to the plan are required; and initiate the corresponding changes.


5. Closing Process Group.

Those processes performed to finalize all activities across all Process Groups to formally close the project or phase.

These five Process Groups have clear dependencies and are typically performed in each project and highly interact with one another. These five Process Groups are independent of application areas or industry focus.

Individual Process Groups and individual processes are often iterated prior to completing the project and can have interactions within a Process Group and among Process Groups. The nature of these interactions varies from project to project and may or may not be performed in a particular order.


Concluding Remarks:

Process Groups are a very important concepts to understand and learn from a Practical Project Management View as well as for PMP Exam Preparation.

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