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The information about PMP Knowledge Areas is available on many websites. The objective of this article is to help you get to the grip of Knowledge Area and how best you can use it in the Project Management Domain.
What are the Project Management Knowledge Areas?
Below are the ten Knowledge Areas covered in PMBOK Guide:
- Project Integration Management
- Project Scope Management
- Project Time Management
- Project Cost Management
- Project Quality Management
- Project Human Resource Management
- Project Communications Management
- Project Risk Management
- Project Procurement Management
- Project Stakeholder Management.
Each Knowledge Area is made up of a set of processes, each with inputs, tools and techniques, and outputs. The Knowledge Areas are formed by grouping the 47 processes grouped by Process Groups. Each Knowledge Areas requires a specific set Knowledge, Skills and Experience in order to accomplish project goals.
It is not mandatory to use each Knowledge Area in all the projects. Project teams should utilize these ten Knowledge Areas and other Knowledge Areas, as appropriate, for their specific project.
1. Project Integration Management
Project Integration Management includes the processes and activities to identify, define, combine, unify, and coordinate the various processes and project management activities.
In the project management context, integration includes characteristics of unification, consolidation, communication, and integrative actions that are crucial to controlled project execution through completion, successfully managing stakeholder expectations, and meeting requirements.
It also includes making choices about resource allocation, making trade-offs among competing objectives and alternatives, and managing the interdependencies among the project management Knowledge Areas.
2. Project Scope Management
Project Scope Management includes the processes required to ensure that the project includes all the work required, and only the work required, to complete the project successfully.
Managing the project scope is primarily concerned with defining and controlling what is and is not included in the project.
At this juncture it is also a good idea to identify the process for handling requirements that fall under the Grey area (requirements which are arise during the Run Phase and are not included in the Initial In-Scope and Out-of-Scope requirements.
3. Project Time Management
Project Time Management includes the processes required to manage the timely completion of the project.
4. Project Cost Management
Project Cost Management includes the processes involved in planning, estimating, budgeting, financing, funding, managing, and controlling costs so that the project can be completed within the approved budget.
5. Project Quality Management
Project Quality Management includes the processes and activities of the performing organization that determine quality policies, objectives, and responsibilities so that the project will satisfy the needs for which it was undertaken.
It ensures that the project requirements, including product requirements, are met and validated and continuous process improvement
activities as undertaken on behalf of the performing organization.
6. Project Human Resource Management
Project Human Resource Management includes the processes that organize, manage, and lead the project team. The project team is comprised of the people with assigned roles and responsibilities for completing the project.
Project team members may have varied skill sets, may be assigned full or part-time, and may be added or removed from the team as the project progresses.
7. Project Communications Management
This Knowledge Area is one of the most important aspect of Project Management. Project Communications Management includes the processes that are required to ensure timely and appropriate planning, collection, creation, distribution, storage, retrieval, management, control, monitoring, and the ultimate disposition of project information.
Project managers spend most of their time communicating with team members. Communication is primarily done for two reasons –
For sharing information
For performing particular action.
Effective communication creates a bridge between diverse stakeholders.
8. Project Risk Management
Project Risk Management includes the processes of conducting risk management planning, identification, analysis, response planning, and controlling risk on a project.
The objectives of project risk management are to increase the likelihood and impact of positive events, and decrease the likelihood and impact of negative events in the project.
9. Project Procurement Management
Project Procurement Management includes the processes necessary to purchase or acquire products, services, or results needed from outside the project team.
Project Procurement Management includes the contract management and change control processes required to develop and administer contracts or purchase orders issued by authorized project team members.
This is a very important aspect to address for the Project Organization with regards to external dependencies of the project.
10. Project Stakeholder Management
Project Stakeholder Management includes the processes required to identify the people, groups, or organizations that could impact or be impacted by the project, to analyze stakeholder expectations and their impact on the project, and to develop appropriate management strategies for effectively engaging stakeholders.
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