Knowledge Area: Project Time Management

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Project Time Management includes the processes, Tools & Techniques required to manage the timely completion of the project.


Project Time Management processes are:


  1. Plan Schedule Management—The process of establishing the policies, procedures, and documentation for planning, developing, managing, executing, and controlling the project schedule.
  2. Define Activities—The process of identifying and documenting the specific actions to be performed to produce the project deliverables.
  3. Sequence Activities—The process of identifying and documenting relationships among the project activities.
  4. Estimate Activity Resources—The process of estimating the type and quantities of material, human resources, equipment, or supplies required to perform each activity.
  5. Estimate Activity Durations—The process of estimating the number of work periods needed to complete individual activities with estimated resources.
  6. Develop Schedule—The process of analyzing activity sequences, durations, resource requirements, and schedule constraints to create the project schedule model.
  7. Control Schedule—The process of monitoring the status of project activities to update project progress and manage changes to the schedule baseline to achieve the plan.


The Project Time Management processes and their associated tools and techniques are documented in the schedule management plan.

The schedule management plan identifies a scheduling method and scheduling tool and sets the format and establishes criteria for developing and controlling the project schedule. The selected scheduling method defines the framework and algorithms used in the scheduling tool to create the schedule model. Some of the better known scheduling methods include critical path method (CPM) and critical chain method (CCM).

On projects with a smaller scope,

  • defining activities,
  • sequencing activities,
  • estimating activity resources,
  • estimating activity durations, and
  • developing the schedule model are tightly linked that they

are seen as a single process which can be performed by a person over a relatively short period of time.

Project schedule development uses the outputs from the processes to define activities, sequence activities, estimate activity resources, and estimate activity durations in combination with the scheduling tool to produce the schedule model. The finalized and approved schedule is the baseline (Schedule Baseline) that will be used in the Control Schedule process.

As the project activities are being performed, the majority of effort in the Project Time Management Knowledge Area will occur in the Control Schedule process to ensure completion of project work in a timely manner.


Concluding Remarks: Keeping the schedule on track all through the entire Project is a challenging task for Project performing organization. The Processes, Tools & Techniques help to achieve the schedule objectives of the project.

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